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Learning English Grammar | how to use apostrophes

English Grammar | apostrophes

Many people eat junk food because its easier than preparing fresh dishes. (incorrect)
Many people eat junk food because it's easier than preparing fresh dishes. (correct)

Please don't take a taxi - I'll come and pick you up. (correct)
Please dont take a taxi - I'll come and pick you up. (incorrect)

We use an apostrophe in contractions - where a letter or letters have been left out. Contractions are mostly formed in informal writing or to represent spoken language.

Pronoun or noun + be, have, will or would:
That's a very good point which the professor made in the lecture this morning. (That's = that is)
Anna's got two sisters, hasn't she? (Anna's = Anna has)
We'll send the goods by overnight courier. (We'll = we will)
I'd already gone through passport control, so I couldn't go back. (I'd = I had, couldn't = could not)
I'd like to change the booking for the hotel. (I'd = I would)
It's quite difficult to find. (It's = it is)

*The sytem has its advantages. (its = belonging to, possessive)

Who's been invited to the party? (Who's = who has)

*Whose bag is this? (whose = belonging to who; possessive)

Auxiliary or modal verb + not:
The results of the exam haven't been announced yet. (haven't = have not)
I don't know the answer to that question. (don't = do not)
They can't be copied. or They cannot be copied. (can't = can not)
Let's look at another example. (Let's = let us)

See more English grammar

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