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Learning English Grammar | describing statistics (nouns)

English Grammar | how to describe statistics using nouns

Only four percentage of prisoners are women. [incorrect]
Only four percent of prisoners are women. [correct]

The pie chart illustrates how electricity is used. [correct]
The pie graph illustrates how electricity is used. [incorrect]

We use percent or the symbol % after a number:
Sales fell by two percent / 2% last year.

Percentage is the general noun to describe part of a total, expressed as parts of 100:
The chart shows the percentage of households with more than one car.

Proportion is also used to describe part of a total:
Which country has the highest proportion of people living in poverty?

Rate describes how often or how fast something happens, and some other measures:
The rate of growth is slower in developing countries.

Also: the unemployment rate, the crime rate, the birth rate, the death rate, the exchange rate, the interest rate

A graph has two lines [the vertical axis and horizontal axis] and a line or curve showing a trend.

A chart shows statistics in a visual form, often as colored lines or columns [a bar chart]

or as sections of a circle [a pie chart].

A table shows information, usually organized within boxes in rows [horizontal] and columns [vertical].

A diagram is a general word for something represented in a visual form - for example, showing how something works. the stages of a process, etc.

See more English grammar

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