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Learning English Grammar | making comparisons

English Grammar | how to make comparisons

The rate of union membership rose 26.2% comparing to 25.8% last year. [incorrect]
The rate of union membership rose to 26.2% compared to 25.8% last year. [correct]

The figure is now three times higher as compare to 1965. [incorrect]
The figure is now three times higher than in 1965. [correct]

There are a number of common words and phrases that we use to make comparisons:
  • compare something [to/with something]
The graph compares the crime rates in Japan and the US.
It's impossible to compare modern films with those made 20 years ago.
Many people have compared her voice to Aretha Franklin's. [= they have said it is similar]
  • compared to/with something
Women's income rose by 31% compared to only 13% for men. [not comparing to]

  • in comparison [to/with something]
US workers get very little holiday in comparison with their European counterparts.
The simple little hotel seemed luxurious in comparison to the tent they had lived in while camping.

  • [draw/make] a comparison between two things

I could make a comparison betwen my life here and the way of life in my home village.
It is impossible to draw a direct comparison between the two conflicts.

  • something is bigger/higher/lower/more important, etc. than someting else
Prague has more churches than any other European city.

  • something is double/half, etc. that of something else
Britain's population density is double that of China. [not double compared to]

See more IELTS common mistakes

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