Punctuation for IELTS Band 9 Score | International English Language Testing System

Learn how to use a 'colon' and 'semi-colon' correctly to improve your IELTS Writing test score.

Use a colon ...

before a list, summary or quote, and statement of fact
    (1) Before a list
    I could only find three of the ingredients: sugar, flour and coconut.

    (2) Before a summary
    To summarise: we found the camp, set up our tent and then the bears attacked.

    (3) Before a quote
    As Jane Austen wrote: it is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.

    (4) To complete a statement of fact
    There are only three kinds of people: the good, the bad and the ugly.

Use a semi-colon...

    (1) To link two separate sentences that are closely related.
    The children came home today; they had been away for a week.

    (2) In a list that already contains commas.
    Star Trek, created by Gene Roddenberry; Babylon 5, by JMS; Buffy, by Joss Whedon; and Farscape, from the Henson Company.

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