IELTS Essay | What factors affect job satisfaction?

IELTS Writing Task 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing.

What factors contribute to job satisfaction?

How realsitic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Cambridge IELTS Practice Tests Book 7 | Test 3 | Academic Writing Task 2 | Essay about Job Satisfaction

There is no doubt that it is beneficial for people to feel content and satisfied with their job and the environment in which they work. Satisfaction at work can contribute a lot to a person’s general state of health and affect their social and family life either positively or negatively, so it is an important lifestyle factor.

What constitutes job satisfaction exactly? There are documented theories on this subject that deal with different levels of needs, from security to social acceptance, motivation and opportunities for advancement and development. Ultimately, the level of satisfaction a person can feel in a particular job might be affected by a multitude of factors.

It is not uncommon for a person to like their job but at the same time be unhappy due to personal conflict in the workplace or problems with their boss. Equally, it is common for people to cite their social relationships in the workplace as important in their life while the actual job may offer less satisfaction.

Most people would agree that working in a job where they feel secure, valuable, respected, well treated and offered opportunities to grow and develop as employees would lead to a reasonable level of job satisfaction.

Clearly people will experience varying degrees of satisfaction with their jobs, depending on the nature of their work. It may not be possible for an employee involved in highly repetitive manual labor to feel the same level of satisfaction as a highly skilled employee who works in a creative environment. However, it is not unrealistic to expect all workers to experience an ‘acceptable’ level of job satisfaction in most cases.

How would you answer this IELTS essay question about job satisfaction?

  • What factors do you think are important so that people can enjoy their work?
  • Do you know anyone who is 100% happy with their job?
  • What aspects of your work satisfy you?
  • What things about your job would you like to change?