Essay | Industrial Pollution Has Increased. What Can Be Done?

IELTS Writing Task 2

You should spend around 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

Industrial pollution has increased in many parts of the world. Some people believe the most effective solution is to tax the organizations that cause such pollution. Other people argue that there are alternative ways to control the situation.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Essay Sample Answer

While industries in some parts of the world are producing more pollution than before, in other parts of the world we are seeing a reduction in the amount of industrial pollution caused. This is in part due to stringent environmental policies as well as financial incentives to avoid excessive pollution, and also the result of cleaner manufacturing technology and processes.

While simply taxing offending companies or organizations may seem the easiest and most direct method of controlling the problem, it is not the only action which can help achieve a reduction in the overall amount of pollution created by industry on a worldwide scale.

Technology offers many potential solutions for cleaner industrial processes. This can be seen in the waste management sector with regard to landfill sites, and in many manufacturing sectors which now utilize cleaner methods than a few decades ago. Such changes coupled with additional treatment of potentially hazardous pollution have already helped industrial pollution to be reduced in some countries.

The disappearance of certain older industries in some countries, such as coal mining, along with cleaner energy generation using nuclear power or alternative energy sources such as solar, wind and tidal have also helped in reducing industrial pollution. Such developments will certainly continue to produce cleaner and more environmentally safer options in the future.

Personally, I consider it is important for governments and industry to work together to develop clean energy, industry and commerce which is sustainable and to ensure that any associated pollution is kept to a minimum. Certainly, taxing offenders is necessary as a penalty, but it is by no means the only strategy which needs to be employed to help keep pollution worldwide under control.

How would you answer this IELTS essay question about industrial pollution?

  • What is the biggest source of pollution in your country?
  • What are some solutions to combat pollution?
  • Should the government or companies solve pollution problems?