English Solutions

English Solutions

Thesis writing help, Dissertation Writing, MBA Essays, Essay Writing help, University Essay Writing, Essay Editing & Proofreading, Academic Writing Help, English grammar, English vocabulary, IELTS Essays, TOEFL Essays,Free online English courses,

IELTS Grammar Review | Past Perfect


Past Perfect
There are two past tenses used to describe things that happen before another point in time in the past. Use the past perfect to talk about an event which had happened at some point in time before something took place.

Tom had interviewed five times before he got his first job.
She had already eaten by the time they arrived.

Past Perfect Structure

Positive
Subject + had + past participle
I, You, He, She, We, They had finished before I arrived.

Negative
Subject + had + not (hadn't) + past participle
I, You, He, She, We, They hadn't eaten before he finished the job.

Questions
Question word + had + subject + past participle
What - had he, she, you, we, they thought before I asked the question?

Past Perfect
Listed below are uses with examples, and the structure of the past perfect tense.

Something that had happened before something else took place
I had eaten lunch before they arrived.
Susan had already finished the project when he asked for help.
 
Something that had happened over a period of time in the past before another point in the of past
I had lived abroad for twenty years when I received the transfer.
Jane had studied in England before she did her master's at Harvard.
 
Something that had happened as a precondition to something else
I had prepared for the exams and was ready to do well.
Tom had lost twenty pounds and could begin anew.
 
In the third conditional to express imagined conditions
If I had known that, I would have acted differently.
She would have come to the party if she had been invited.
 
With wish to express a desire about the past
I wish you had told me.
She wishes she had known about his problems.
 
Common time expressions used with the past perfect:
already, just, before, when


No comments:

Leave a comment

Essay Answer - How can government encourage more people to use buses and trains?
Essay - Why do people prefer using cars ...
IELTS Band 9 Essay Answer - Housework
Essay - Is it better to do housework manually or ...
Describe an exciting message you received
IELTS Part 2 Question - A time when you received an exciting message...
Cambridge IELS 12 Academic Writing Tests
Cambridge IELTS Book 12 - Academic Writing Test Task 1
IELTS ESSAY - economy & environment
IELTS ESSAY - Economic Progress & Environment
IELTS Letter - apologize to a friend
IELTS Letter - A friend is planning to visit you...
Study Abroad Graduate Programs
Study Abroad - Study in Australia - 5 Steps
IELTS Essay - student participation in running schools
Essay - Are schools more effective when...
Essay - doctors, nurses, teachers, celebrities - who should be paid more?
Essay - Doctors, teachers, celebs - who should be paid more?
IELTS 2017 speaking test UK, USA, Canada & Australia
IELTS Speaking - A peaceful place you like
Essay sporting events & world peace
Essay Writing - International sporting events & world peace
English for Writing Research Papers
Academic Writing
English for Writing Research Papers
Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 Guide
Academic Writing IELTS Task 1
Download Guide IELTS Band 7.0+
Essay Writing Help
Essay Writing Help How to write better essays
Trend of large shopping malls & less small shops
IELTS Essay Large shopping malls replacing small stores
IELTS speaking - personality
IELTS Speaking Describe an aspect of your personality
make your dissertation & thesis easier to read
Dissertation Writing Help How to make your paper easier to read
How to write a research paper
Essay Writing Help How to write a research paper
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...