IELTS Essay Sample AnswerThe fact that people are generally less healthy and obesity is on the rise in many countries has been widely reported in the news recently. Various studies and reports have confirmed this trend and governments and health care services are worried about the future consequences.
Various reasons have been identified by experts as to why a person may become obese or suffer a decrease in their levels of health and fitness. Changes in lifestyle and the disappearance of much traditional physical and manual work in many developed countries have been cited. More people now work in sedentary jobs. We have witnessed a major change in eating habits over the last few decades with a shift to more fast food and convenience food than was consumed before. In fact, in some countries convenience food has become the norm in large sections of the population.
Apart from food and changes in work patterns, many people now get less exercise than previous generations. People generally walk less and cycle less as a means of getting from one place to another. More people have cars and have become accustomed to travelling door to door. Many people complain of not having enough time for themselves. Work seems to occupy more and more time and they have less leisure time to relax or dedicate to exercise.
Young children and teenagers spend more time sitting using their computers or playing games than playing outside and running around than in the past. This can lead to weight problems at a younger age and carry into adult life.
In order to redress these problems, people need to make life changes, they need to adopt new eating habits, exercise regularly and make sure that they control their weight. The possible health risks associated with being overweight are serious, and in countries like the USA these conditions are now competing with those related to smoking as being the most draining on health resources and the most costly for health providers.
Being fit and healthy has many benefits and while people in general live longer nowadays, that is mainly due to improved medical care not due to people having a healthier lifestyle than in the past.