Cambridge IELTS Book 11 | Writing Test 1
IELTS Writing Test Task 2 Essay
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:
Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal. Some people, however, think that other types of progress are equally important for a country.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience
Write at least 250 words.
Essay about Government, Economic Progress & Most Important GoalWhile economic progress is often seen as the key objective by most countries, there are other aspects by which progress can be measured such as through the degree of development of human rights and social and cultural progress.
Firstly, development of the economy is commonly the major concern for most governments for several reasons. A strong economy provides employment for the population, attracts inward foreign investment, and generates greater tax revenue. In many cases, economic progress leads to development and progress of other sectors of society, as a knock-on effect. However, it is difficult to focus on social progress and other areas requiring improvement within a society if the economy itself is not sound.
In cases where a country has a weak economy, there is usually much suffering and poverty, and in general people are more concerned with employment opportunities and acquiring the basic needs of life rather than more lofty ideals such as improving human rights and social welfare of the entire population. It is therefore common for such concerns to only come to the fore in developed or developing countries where the majority of the population have managed to attain a certain degree of security and comfort in terms of their basic needs, and are willing to concern themselves with other societal issues.
In conclusion, it is easy to understand why most governments focus on economic stability and growth in order to subsequently drive development and progress in other areas of society. A strong economy provides for all the basic needs of a population, thus allowing the country to concern itself with tackling other issues, which may be important, but less so than economic progress.