Describe a Pie Chart & Table | IELTS Writing Test Questions & Answers

IELTS Writing | Reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive

Writing Task 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The pie chart shows the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive.

The table shows how these causes affected three regions of the world during the 1990s. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words
IELTS Writing | Reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive
IELTS Writing Task 1 Describe Information in a Pie Chart & Table

Cambridge IELTS 8 Practice Tests Academic Writing Test 1 Sample Task 1 Answer

The pie chart shows the main causes for agricultural land degradation worldwide: over-grazing, deforestation, over-cultivation and other. The table illustrates how such land in North America, Europe and Oceania was affected as a result of these factors in the 1990s. On a worldwide scale, over-grazing affected more land negatively than any other cause, being responsible for 35% of land degraded while deforestation and over-cultivation came a close second and third.

At regional level, Europe had the highest percentage of land negatively affected by deforestation and over-cultivation while Oceania had the highest percentage of land degraded by over-grazing. North America saw the least effect from deforestation and over-grazing while Oceania suffered no effect on its land as a result of over-cultivation.

Overall, Europe was affected the most; the result being 23% of its agricultural land negatively impacted by the causes mentioned. North America was least affected with only 5% of its land degraded. Comparing the regional figures for the 1990s with the worldwide figures it can be seen that Oceania clearly followed the worldwide trend but Europe and North America did not.

How would you answer this IELTS Writing Test Task 1 question about agricultural land degradation?