Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Tests & Answers

Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Test 1 Task 1

WRITING TASK 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart below shows the percentage of Australian men and women in different age groups who did regular physical activity in 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


Sample Answer

The bar chart illustrates the proportion of the Australian the male and female population participating in some form of physical activity on a regular basis in 2010. The data is divided into 6 age groups, ranging from 15 to 65 years old and over.

The main points of interest are that in the youngest age group (15-24) more men than women take part in regular physical activity. However, this then changes and women do more physical activity than men from 25 to 65, at which point both men and women do almost the same amount of physical activity.

Overall, the proportion of men involved in physical activity decreases between the ages of 24 and 44 and then begins to increase again. In the case of women, the trend is reversed, somewhat, with younger women being involved in less physical activity and doing more physical activity between the ages of 25 and 64, before returning to virtually the same level of physical activity as the youngest age group (15-24).




Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Test 1 Task 2

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

Some people believe that allowing children to make their own choices on everyday matters (such as food, clothes and entertainment) is likely to result in a society of individuals who only think about their own wishes.

Other people believe that it is important for children to make decisions about matters that affect them.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.


Write at least 250 words.




IELTS Task 2 Essay Answer

The question of how involved children should be in decision making which impacts them is probably best considered as a balancing act, in which the severity of potential consequences should be considered before allowing children to make their own decisions.

While children should be encouraged to make decisions about things which directly impact them, this must be tempered with common sense and the fact than in some cases children may not be aware of all the pertinent facts in order to make an informed decision.

Children being allowed to choose the clothes they wear offers little risk to the child in the long term, and as long as parents agree on a reasonable budget, their children could be encouraged to make their own decisions in this regard, thus encouraging their critical thinking process and building decision-making confidence.

On the other hand, if children are left to choose the food they eat, without parental intervention or guidance, more likely than not they will opt for conveninence food or food which is not necessarily good for their health in the long term. Good as well as bad habits can be formed at an early age, and it is important that children are encouraged to eat a healthy and well-balanced diet; something they are likely to be uninterested in, and unknowledgeable about, and hence parents play a crucial role in tempering their children’s preferences with sound nutritional advice.

However, it could be argued that there is little correlation between children making their own decisions about such aspects of their lives and any future narcissistic tendencies, and lack of consideration for the needs of others. Most adults chose their own clothes, food and forms of entertainment; therefore, it is only logical that children should be taught, or guided, to develop the necessary skills regarding such decision making.

Nobody would argue that adults only consider their own wishes, so there is little reason to think that allowing children to make their own decisions will lead to those children being any more self-centered than their parents are when they reach adulthood.


Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Test 2 Task 1


WRITING TASK 1


You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The maps below show the centre of a small town called Islip as it is now, and plans for its development.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


Sample Answer

The town currently consists of the main road which is flanked by countryside to the north and a residential area to the south. There are shops along the main street, on both sides, which runs through the center of the town. There is also a school on the west side and a park on the east side of the town, between which is the main residential area of the town.

The proposed plans for development would transform the town and result in a ring road bypassing the center of the town, which will become a pedestrian zone. The plans also include a reduction in the size of the park compared to previously, the addition of a bus station, shopping center and car park on the north side of the pedestrian zone, replacing the existing shops in that area. Two new residential areas will also be developed, one on the north side of the pedestrian zone and the other on the east side of the park.

Overall, apart from the addition of new amenities such as the bus station and shopping center, the principal result of the development would be the augmentation of housing provision for the town.


Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Test 2 Task 2

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

In a number of countries, some people think it is necessary to spend large sums of money on constructing new railway lines for very fast trains between cities. Others believe the money should be spent on improving existing public transport.


Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.




Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Test 3 Task 1

WRITING TASK 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows how frequently people in the USA ate in fast food restaurants between 2003 and 2013.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


Sample Answer

The bar chart depicts the frequency with which Americans ate at fast food restaurants during a 10-year period (2003-2013) using three data points: 2003, 2006, and 2013.

In 2006, there was an increase in the percentage of people eating at fast food restaurants several times a week. However, by 2013, fewer people were doing so than in 2003; an overall decline over the 10-year period.

In contrast, the percentage of people who ate at fast food restaurants once or twice a month dropped from 2003 to 2006 but then increased dramatically by 2013; showing considerable growth over the 2006 level.

Notably, the only frequency period showing growth, in terms of percentage of people, in recent years (2006-2013) is that of once or twice a month; in all other cases, the percentage of people either remained stable or decreased.

Overall, on average, approximately 60% of the population ate at a fast food establishment either once a week or once or twice a month.
[161 words]






Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Test 3 Task 2

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.


Do the advantages of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.






Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Test 4 Task 1

WRITING TASK 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below shows how geothermal energy is used to produce electricity.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons Where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Sample Answer

The diagram shows the process of electricity generation from cold water through the use of a geothermal power planet. This is a process which converts cold water, through using a geothermal area of rock 4,5 kilometres below the earth’s surface, into electricity ready for consumption.

There are 5 essential stages or functions which constitute the electricity generation process. First, cold water is pumped into the injection well underground, where it then undergoes natural heating via hot rocks, converting the cold water into hot water via the natural geothermal properties of the rock.

Once the water is heated it is extracted from the production well and enters into a condensing chamber in which it vaporizes and turns into steam. The steam is then fed into a steam-powered turbine which drives a generator, and this converts the mechanical energy of the turbine into electrical energy.

The electricity produced is then fed into the electrical grid distribution network.





Cambridge IELTS Book 12 Writing Test 4 Task 2

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

Some people believe that it is good to share as much information as possible in scientific research, business and the academic world. Others believe that some information is too important or too valuable to be shared freely.


Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.




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