IELTS common mistakes | adjectives and adverbs



English Grammar | how to use adjectives and adverbs

This difference can be explained quite easy. [incorrect]
This difference can be explained quite easily. [correct]

It is clearly that people without money do not have as much freedom. [incorrect]
It is clear that people without money do not have as much freedom. [correct]

Adjectives are used to describe a noun: Today life is very complicated. (complicated describes the noun life)
To describe a whole idea or situation, we can use:
It is + adjective + that-clause or It is + adjective + to + infinitive:
It is essential that you bring back all of your books before the end of term.
It is important to begin studying several weeks before the exam.

Adverbs can be used to describe a verb: We must act quickly. (quickly describes the verb act) or an adjective: This chart is significantly different. (not significant different)
(significantly is an adverb describing the adjective different).

We use adverbs such as unfortunately to show how we feel about something:
Unfortunately, he's not well. (unfortunately shows I feel this is a bad thing)

Some adverbs are irregular, e.g. fast, hard, well: He ran as fast as he could. (not fastly)

more common English grammar mistakes


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