IELTS Essay | Climate Change | Governments cannot be expected to solve climate change


IELTS Writing Task 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

Scientists and the news media are presenting ever more evidence of climate change. Governments cannot be expected to solve this problem. It is the responsibility of individuals to change their lifestyle to prevent further damage.

What are your views?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.



IELTS Essay Answer | Governments cannot be expected to solve the problem of climate change

In recent years more and more data has been presented on the subject of climate change. We have also seen a shift from an emphasis on global warming to climate change recently by politicians and the media. While there may be more evidence presented, in part this may be due to the fact that we are now able to collect and process more data due to advances in technology rather than more changes actually happening.

History, and more recently science, has shown us that the world’s climate has always been changing and has passed through several extreme climate changes throughout the history that we know of it. While there can be no doubt that the existence of mankind has some effect on the planet, its ecosystem and therefore the climate, it is arguable just how much of any climate change can be directly attributed to our daily activities.

While governments, environmental agencies and other groups can present climate change data and possibly play an educational role; solutions, as in most cases, will probably be provided by the private sector. Alternative energy sources and such like must be economically viable and readily available for them to be successful and adopted on a large enough scale to have any real positive effect on the environment.

Ultimately, it is an individual choice to live responsibly, being conscious of our use of non-renewable natural resources, energy consumption and other activities which may adversely affect our environment and hence the climate. As in most cases of behavioural change – motivation is a key factor. We would not expect government to provide ‘behavioural solutions’ in other aspects of life and neither should we expect them to solve any climate change problems without everyone’s involvement.

IELTS Climate Change Essay Question

  • What is your opinion about climate change?
  • Should governments be responsible for solving such problems?
  • Or should individuals take more action?





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